Taxpayers can generally choose to itemize certain deductions or claim a standard deduction on their federal income tax returns. In 2022, the standard deduction is:
- $12,950 (up from $12,550 in 2021) for single filers or married individuals filing separate returns
- $25,900 (up from $25,100 in 2021) for married joint filers
- $19,400 (up from $18,800 in 2021) for heads of household
The additional standard deduction amount for the blind and those age 65 or older in 2022 is:
- $1,750 (up from $1,700 in 2021) for single filers and heads of household
- $1,400 (up from $1,350 in 2021) for all other filing statuses
Special rules apply for those who can be claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer.
The combined annual limit on contributions to traditional and Roth IRAs is $6,000 in 2022 (the same as in 2021), with individuals age 50 or older able to contribute an additional $1,000. The limit on contributions to a Roth IRA phases out for certain modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) ranges (see chart). For individuals who are covered by a workplace retirement plan, the deduction for contributions to a traditional IRA also phases out for certain MAGI ranges (see chart). The limit on nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA is not subject to phaseout based on MAGI.